Instructions from a judge to the jury before it begins to deliberate on the factual questions it must answer and the legal rules it must apply. The law as set out in previous court decisions. Synonymous with precedent. Similar to the common law, which stems from tradition and judicial decisions. Most formal tariff cases are submitted to the Commission because a public service or transport undertaking wishes to change the tariffs (tariffs) it charges or the services it offers. For many years, this was the most common type of procedure at the Commission, although rule-making and mediation were increasingly common. If, during the public meeting, the commissioners decide that further investigations are warranted at the request of a company, the companies` request is suspended and the matter is scheduled for hearing. Habeas Corpus – A memoir often used to bring a prisoner to justice to determine the lawfulness of his detention. A prisoner who wants to argue that there is no sufficient reason to be detained would file a writ of arrest in habeas corpus. It can also be used to bring a person into custody to court, to testify or to be prosecuted. Lawsuit – A lawsuit brought by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a claim that the defendant failed to comply with a legal obligation, resulting in harm to the plaintiff. A written statement filed as part of a court or appeal process that explains the legal and factual arguments of a page.
The trial itself is a formal process of witness testimony and evidence based on the code of evidence. Testing can be expensive and time-consuming. However, some cases simply require the intervention of a judge, especially if the parties cannot resolve them themselves. see dire – The process by which judges and lawyers select a small jury from among those who have the right to serve by questioning them to determine knowledge of the facts of the case and willingness to decide the case solely on the basis of the evidence presented to the court. «To see said» is an expression that means «to tell the truth». The legal system, which originated in England and is now used in the United States, is based on the articulation of legal principles in a historical sequence of court decisions. The principles of the common law may be amended by legislation. Non-insolvency proceedings in which an applicant or creditor attempts to make a debtor`s future salary dependent on its claim.
In other words, the creditor seeks to have part of the debtor`s future salary paid to the creditor for a debt owed to the creditor. Jurisprudence – The study of the law and the structure of the legal system. Impeachment – (1) The process of questioning something, such as in «removing the testimony of a witness.» (2) The constitutional process, in which the House of Representatives can «indict» (accuse) senior federal officials to be tried in the Senate. A court decision in a previous case with facts and legal issues similar to a legal dispute currently being heard by a court. Judges «generally follow precedents,» that is, they apply the principles established in previous cases to rule on new cases that have similar facts and raise similar legal issues. A judge will disregard precedents if a party can prove that the previous case was tried incorrectly or that it differed significantly from the current case in some way. Jury Pool – The group of people from which the actual jury is selected. The jury is chosen at random from a source such as voter registration banks. The lawyers in the case select the actual jurors from the jury pool through a trial called voir dire. A function of the federal courts that takes place at the beginning of the criminal justice trial – after a person has been arrested and charged with a federal crime and before being tried.
Pre-trial officials are focusing on investigating the backgrounds of these individuals to help the court decide whether to release or detain them pending trial. The decision is based on whether these people are likely to flee or pose a threat to the community. When the court orders release, an investigative officer supervises the person in the community until they return to court. 1. The process of questioning the testimony of a witness. For example, if the lawyer can prove that the witness may have fabricated parts of his or her testimony, the witness is said to be «accused.» 2. The constitutional process, in which the House of Representatives can «charge» (accuse) senior federal officials of wrongdoing, who are then brought to justice by the Senate. Latin for «friend of the court». This is a consultation formally offered to the court in a brief filed by a company interested in the case, but not by a party to the case. From a legal point of view, this is called a pleading.
The other party usually has to be served, which means that a copy of the petition or complaint will be sent to them by law enforcement. It can also be operated by a person authorized by local law enforcement to serve people. After service, the other party has twenty days to file a response or response. Panel – (1) In appeal proceedings, a panel of judges (usually three) is responsible for deciding the case; (2) In the jury selection procedure, the group of potential jurors. The legal power of a court to hear and decide a particular type of case. It is also used as a synonym for jurisdiction, i.e. the geographical area for which the court has jurisdiction to rule on cases. A legal process to address individual and corporate debt issues; in particular, a case filed under one of the chapters of Title 11 of the United States Code (the Bankruptcy Code). All financial interests of the debtor at the time of filing the application for insolvency. The estate technically becomes the temporary rightful owner of all the debtor`s assets.
In general, there are two common uses of the term and the way it is used usually indicates the intended meaning. One of the most common uses is as a synonym for «due process» or «judicial proceedings» to indicate the process by which court proceedings take place in a particular country. These procedures can vary greatly from country to country, and therefore the context in which the term is used will have a huge impact on what exactly it means. In the United States, for example, judicial proceedings differ in some respects between civil and criminal proceedings. Tribunal – a government body empowered to settle disputes. Judges sometimes use the term «court» to refer to themselves in the third person, as in «the court read the pleadings.» I hope that gives a good overview of the legal process. And if you ever need help with a family or estate business, please give us a call. In criminal law, the constitutional guarantee guarantee guarantees that an accused receives a fair and impartial trial.
In civil law, the legal rights of a person who is confronted with an adverse act that threatens freedom or property. A formal request for protection under federal bankruptcy laws. (There is an official form for bankruptcy filings.) This process is different for civil cases and can be very different in other countries. The other common use of the term refers to how a person is informed of a subpoena to appear in court. This is often part of a civil lawsuit, and a person who is summoned to appear as a witness in a criminal or civil case, or as a defendant in a civil case, is usually «served» with a subpoena. Legal processing usually involves issuing and delivering the necessary legal documentation to ensure that the person involved in such a case is properly informed. The trial for criminal proceedings in the United States usually begins with the arrest or arrest of a person suspected of having committed a crime. The person will usually appear before a judge for the first time and will receive formal charges against them, as well as the determination of the amount of bail.
The victims of the crime(s) are consulted and the conditions for reparation are established, then the accused is charged and statements are made. The trial for criminal proceedings then begins with the selection of a jury, the hearing of testimony and evidence against an accused, and ends with the reading of a verdict, conviction and reparation ordered if convicted. The Glossary of Legal Terms defines more than 100 of the most common legal terms in easy-to-understand language. The terms are listed in alphabetical order and can be best accessed by selecting a letter here: To save time and money, regulated companies can avoid complex litigation and benefit from so-called mutually beneficial negotiations In this process, the company, Commission employees, stakeholders and public lawyers try to clarify all – or at least some – of the problems in the case of collective bargaining, before formal hearings take place.